BEST KITCHEN PRACTICES.
Some of the Best Practices promoted by Global Catering on board their managed ships are as follows.
Dirty: Boil apple peels in aluminum pots: it will make cleaning them (the pots) much easier.
Stained or darkened: Boil 2 teaspoons of cream of tartar in 1 quart of water for 10 minutes to lighten darkened aluminum.
Dirty: Try cleaning them with an old toothbrush!
Smelly: Rub a hard crust of bread over it.
Smoking: This is one of the most useful hints here, and perhaps the oddest. To keep your griddle from smoking: rub it regularly with half a rutabaga.
Clogged: Insert a crumpled piece of wax paper and keep grinding away. The paper will force every last piece of food out that would not move by itself.
Dirty: Run a piece of bread through it before you wash it.
Rusting: Stick them through an onion and leave them there for 1/2 hour, then wash and polish. Wipe them very lightly with a very light coating of vegetable oil to keep the rust from returning.
Smelly: Chop half a lemon into 4 pieces. Put them in a small bowl with 1 cup of water and a few whole cloves. Boil for 5 minutes.
Sticky: Presumably you have seasoned it following manufacturer’s instructions. Don’t use soap and water on it now. Pour a small mound of salt in it and scrub it with a paper towel moistened with cooking oil. Wipe it out with a clean paper towel. (This is the best way to clean a wok as well.)
Dirty: Sprinkle a combination of salt and cinnamon on any spill over that occur while baking. Not only does it prevent the burnt smoky smell from filling the house, but you should also be able to use a spatula to lift the whole piece after the oven cools.
Does not heat: If you about to make supper and the oven does not heat, be aware that most oven dishes can be adapted to stove top cooking. Anything you were going to roast can be cut up and braised over low heat. If you were planning to make a cake for dessert, make steamed pudding instead.
Clogged: Metal ones can be boiled clean. Plastic ones must be soaked in hot water. Ream them out with a wooden toothpick or a bamboo skewer.
Drippy: You can sometimes make a better seal if you rub a tiny bit of butter around the top lip of the pitcher (these will create a water proof seal between the lid and the container).
Pots and Pans:
Burned: For aluminum, iron, ceramic, Pyrex and stainless pots, first scrape out what you can (use a wooden spoon for minimal damage). Then partly fill with water and strong detergent. Boil for 10 minutes then let stand overnight. Pour of the water and the burned part will be cleaned with a scouring pad or steel wool. For aluminum pans, the following trick often works. Boil an onion in the pan, the burned stuff will detach itself and float to the top.
Dirty: Some kinds of dirt are best cleaned in cold water, not hot. These include eggs, dough, sauces and puddings.
Greasy: Hot soaking in soda water as with other greasy dishes.
Rusting: This works especially well with cake pans. Scour them with a hunk of raw potato dipped in cleaning powder.
Smelly: Wash them in salt water or in hot soapy water plus a dash of ammonia.
Dull: cut a piece of sandpaper into strips. You’ll not only develop a lovely collection of sandpaper pieces, but you will sharpen your scissors as well.
Stuck: Never fear a hard to open jar again. Just bang the top of the jar flatly on any hard surface. Not the edge, but the flat surface on top of the cover. Just once, hard. That’s all. Now the jar should open with relative ease.
Stained: If you have rainbow like stains on your stainless steel, they are permanent. If you have brownish stains, soak a cloth in full strength ammonia and place of stain for at least 30 minutes. Wash normally (always use ammonia in a well-ventilated area only.)
Does Not Heat: Just modify your recipe for the oven or perhaps enjoy a barbecue. Did you know that you could warm bread in the drying cycle of a dishwasher (if you use the rinse we can’t help you out.) Or you could check out that new restaurant you’ve heard so much about.
Stained: In the utensil, boil a mixture of 1 cup water, 1/2 cup bleach and 2 tablespoons baking soda. Then wash in warm suds. Re-coat the Teflon with oil before using it.
Rusting: Immerse in turpentine for anywhere form 1 hour to 3 days, depending on how much rust. Scour with steel wool. You will have to re-season the ironware all over again.
Dirty: If the bottlebrush just doesn’t cut it, fill the bottle half-full of warm soapy water and add a handful of pea-size pebbles. Shake vigorously. If you are afraid of breaking the bottle, try this with split peas or other dried beans.
Smelly: Fill bottle half-full of water and add 1 tablespoon of mustard or baking soda. Shake well and allow standing for about 1 hour.
Dishes or Plates:
Cracked: For hairline cracks, put the plate in a pan of milk and boil for 45 minutes. The crack should disappear: if not, it was probably worse than you originally thought.
Greasy: Soak in hot water with baking soda. Chemically, baking soda plus grease equals soap, not soap to wash the baby mind you, but soap just the same.
Smelly: Wash them in salty water, or use a little ammonia in hot soapy water. You can also add a little ground mustard to the water.
Stained: Soak overnight in a mixture of hot water and soda. Then rub in a vinegar moisten cloth dipped in salt. This works very well with tea stains.
Glass Bake ware:
Stained: If the stains are coffee stains, make tea in the utensil, the tannic acid in the tea should remove the coffee stands (but don’t let it stand too long or you will have to look for ways to remove tea stains.)
Stuck Together (glasses): Put cold water in the one on top and the bottom one in hot water. They should come apart
Smelly: Rub it with a sliced lemon or lime.
Dirty: Try cleaning them with an old toothbrush (Dirty toothbrush? Try cleaning it with an old fork, dirty fork… never mind.)
Smelly: Grind up half a lemon, orange or grapefruit. Never throw lemon rinds out, keep them in quarters in a plastic bag in your freezer. Throw a lemon rind quarter down the disposal whenever it starts to smell funny.
Hands (your own!):
Burned: Vanilla will help to take away the initial pain, so will a paste of baking soda and water.
Greasy: Very hot water will generally dissolve and remove most food grease. Next time, for greasing cooking pans, wear wax paper or a plastic bag as a glove.
Smelly: If you have a lingering onion smell on your hands, trying rinsing them with cold water, rubbing them with salt, and then re-washing them. You can also rub your hands with half of a potato. For a fish odor, do as you would for the onion, then rub your hands with lemon rind.
Stained: Rubbing with a raw potato and then washing may remove many fruit and some vegetable stains.
Smelly: For an inexpensive deodorizer, put some orange peel in the oven at 350F with the door ajar. If you have a really powerful odor to deal with, boil some cloves in a mixture of 1 cup of water and 1/4 cups of vinegar.
Stained: Soak for 20 minutes in a gallon of warm water plus 1 cup of bleach. Wipe dry and then wash normally. If this doesn’t work, sand the plastic with a very fine grade of silicon carbide paper (the black stuff that feels like sandpaper.) Make sure you keep the plastic wet as you sand it (so it will turn out smooth).
Can’t find end: If you keep your plastic wrap in the fridge, overall handling becomes much easier.
Dirty: Fill with warm water plus 1 heaping teaspoon of baking soda. Let sit overnight then clean and rinse thoroughly.